Artificial Intelligence tools to advance in the research and development of biomaterials

Experts in bioengineering and informatics, including IBEC´s Associated Researcher Maria-Pau Ginebra, have published a paper where the researchers propose the creation of tools based on Artificial Intelligence for the development of biomaterials in Nature Reviews Materials.

Nature Reviews Materials journal has published an article signed by scientists from the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), the Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) and the Institute for Bioengineering of Catalonia (IBEC) outlining the great possibilities that artificial intelligence offers towards the progress in the design and development of biomaterials.

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The multidisciplinary team, consisting of Osnat Hakimi, Martin Krallinger and Maria-Pau Ginebra, IBEC´s Associated Researcher, proposes to use data mining text technologies to extract information about biomaterials, which is currently dispersed across scientific articles, patents, FDA reports and congress proceedings.

These methods of advanced data mining, together with deep learning techniques, could reveal associations not previously considered between materials’ attributes and biological responses, and could help with the design and discovery of new biomaterials.

Biomaterials are materials that interact with biological systems and are highly used in modern medicine and surgery (implants, prostheses, etc.). Their design involves tapping into complex processes, such as the interactions between cells and materials and the degradation of materials in the body.

The rising volume of published results in the field is contrasted by a low degree of sharing and systematization of data. The article explains the specific challenges in the highly multidisciplinary domain of biomaterials , and proposes steps to tackle them and enable the organization and exploitation of accumulated data.

This article has been written in the context of the DEBBIE project, a Marie Skłodowska-Curie action funded by the European Commission and dedicated to the development of the first biomaterial database using data mining tools. The project is hosted by the UPC and the BSC and can be viewed here: https://github.com/ProjectDebbie.


Reference article: O. Hakimi, M. Krallinger M.P. Ginebra, Time to kick- start text mining for Biomaterials, Nature Reviews Materials, 2020.