Ribonucleotide Reductase Modularity

Research group: Cellular Biotechnology Year: 2006
Type of Publication: Article
Authors: Eduard Torrents; MariAnn Westman; Margareta Sahlin; Britt-Marie Sjöberg
Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry Volume: 281
Number: 35 Pages: 25287-25296
The opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which causes serious nosocomial infections, is a γ-proteobacterium that can live in many different environments. Interestingly P. aeruginosa encodes three ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) that all differ from other well known RNRs. The RNR enzymes are central for de novo synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides and essential to all living cells. The RNR of this study (class Ia) is a complex of the NrdA protein harboring the active site and the allosteric sites and the NrdB protein harboring a tyrosyl radical necessary to initiate catalysis. P. aeruginosa NrdA contains an atypical duplication of the N-terminal ATP-cone, an allosteric domain that can bind either ATP or dATP and regulates the overall enzyme activity. Here we characterized the wild type NrdA and two truncated NrdA variants with precise N-terminal deletions. The N-terminal ATP-cone (ATP-c1) is allosterically functional, whereas the internal ATP-cone lacks allosteric activity. The P. aeruginosa NrdB is also atypical with an unusually short lived tyrosyl radical, which is efficiently regenerated in presence of oxygen as the iron ions remain tightly bound to the protein. The P. aeruginosa wild type NrdA and NrdB proteins form an extraordinarily tight complex with a suggested α4β4 composition. An α2β2 composition is suggested for the complex of truncated NrdA (lacking ATP-c1) and wild type NrdB. Duplication or triplication of the ATP-cone is found in some other bacterial class Ia RNRs. We suggest that protein modularity built on the common catalytic core of all RNRs plays an important role in class diversification within the RNR family.
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