Staff member

Jesús Ordoño Fernández

PhD Student
Biomaterials for Regenerative Therapies
+34 934 020 214
Staff member publications

Bertuoli, Paula T., Ordoño, Jesús, Armelin, Elaine, Pérez-Amodio, Soledad, Baldissera, Alessandra F., Ferreira, Carlos A., Puiggalí, Jordi, Engel, Elisabeth, del Valle, Luis J., Alemán, Carlos, (2019). Electrospun conducting and biocompatible uniaxial and core–shell fibers having poly(lactic acid), poly(ethylene glycol), and polyaniline for cardiac tissue engineering ACS Omega 4, (2), 3660-3672

Electroactive and biocompatible fibrous scaffolds have been prepared and characterized using polyaniline (PAni) doped with dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) combined with poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and PLA/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) mixtures. The composition of simple and core–shell fibers, which have been obtained by both uniaxial and coaxial electrospinning, respectively, has been corroborated by Fourier-transform infrared and micro-Raman spectroscopies. Morphological studies suggest that the incorporation of PEG enhances the packing of PLA and PAni chains, allowing the regulation of the thickness of the fibers. PAni and PEG affect the thermal and electrical properties of the fibers, both decreasing the glass transition temperature and increasing the electrical conductivity. Interestingly, the incorporation of PEG improves the PAni-containing paths associated with the conduction properties. Although dose response curves evidence the high cytotoxicity of PAni/DBSA, cell adhesion and cell proliferation studies on PLA/PAni fibers show a reduction of such harmful effects as the conducting polymer is mainly retained inside the fibers through favorable PAni···PLA interactions. The incorporation of PEG into uniaxial fibers resulted in an increment of the cell mortality, which has been attributed to its rapid dissolution into the culture medium and the consequent enhancement of PAni release. In opposition, the delivery of PAni decreases and, therefore, the biocompatibility of the fibers increases when a shell coating the PAni-containing system is incorporated through coaxial electrospinning. Finally, morphological and functional studies using cardiac cells indicated that these fibrous scaffolds are suitable for cardiac tissue engineering applications.